Product Management vs. Project Management: What is the Difference and Which One is Right for You?

June 7, 2023

Do you ever wonder who's behind the creation and execution of your favourite products and services? That's where product managers and project managers come in. They are the masterminds behind bringing ideas to life and making them a reality.

These two roles are similar and essential in managing complex initiatives, but they require different skill sets and focus on different aspects of the product cycle.

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Whether you're a seasoned professional or just starting out, you should understand the key differences between product management and project management. 

 Hence, in  this article, we'll explore:

- The key differences between product management and project management 

- How to choose the right fit for you.

But first, 


A product manager is like a CEO for a product, responsible for its overall success, while a project manager is like a project's quarterback, responsible for its successful execution.

Product managers are focused on the long-term strategy of a product, from ideation to launch and beyond. They work closely with cross-functional teams to ensure that the product aligns with the needs of the target market, stays ahead of the competition, and generates sustainable revenue for the company. 

CEO, Business Analysis School, Eno Eka, explains further,  " "If you want to become an entrepreneur in the future, getting into a product manager role prepares you for entrepreneurship as you own the whole lifecycle of the product your manage."

Project managers, on the other hand, are responsible for delivering a specific project within a defined time, budget, and scope. They ensure that the project meets the requirements of the stakeholders, stays within the allotted resources, and delivers the desired outcome. 

" As organizations move from the project-centric to the product-centric model, product managers still need to maintain good project management practice to deliver high-quality products,"  Eka says

According to LinkedIn, the average salary of a product manager in the US is $113,886/yr. And organizations end up wasting 12% of their valuable resources due to poor project management.

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Think of product management as the captain of a ship, responsible for charting a course to a far-off destination, while project management is the navigator, responsible for ensuring that the ship reaches each waypoint on time and on budget.

In the rest of this article, we will delve deeper into the differences between product management and project management and help you determine which role might be the right fit for you. 

Product Management vs. Project Management

Here are some differences between project management and product management;

1. The scope of their responsibilities

While product management spans the entire product lifecycle, from ideation to launch to retirement, project management focuses on the specific deliverables of a project. It involves defining project scope, creating project plans, managing resources, mitigating risks, and ensuring that the project is delivered on time, on budget, and within scope.

Product management is like the architect of a building, responsible for designing and planning the entire structure, while project management is the construction manager, responsible for ensuring that each phase of the building process is executed smoothly and on schedule.

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2. Their skillset

Product management and project management require different skill sets. Product managers have a deep understanding of the target market, the competitive landscape, and the product vision. 

See also : Business Analysis and Project Management in Healthcare

Project managers, on the other hand, employ management methodologies such as Agile. They create project plans, manage budgets, communicate effectively with stakeholders, and mitigate risks. They also manage project teams, delegate tasks, and track progress.

“Hard skills such as data analysis, market analysis, financial analysis, and project management, as well as soft skills such as communication, leadership, influencing and problem-solving, are key skills for success as a product manager,” Eka says.

3. Their success metrics

Product managers measure success by the product's performance in the market, such as customer satisfaction, revenue, and market share. They also use customer feedback and data analytics to inform product decisions and make necessary adjustments.

Business analysis and project management: 8 things you should know

On the other hand, Project managers measure success by how well they meet project objectives, such as completing the project within budget, on time, and according to scope.  They employ tools and techniques, such as project dashboards and key performance metrics, to track progress and communicate updates to stakeholders.

Which One is Right for You?

So, which role is right for you? If you enjoy thinking strategically, are comfortable with ambiguity, and have a passion for creating products that solve real customer problems, product management may be the right fit for you. 

But If you enjoy working on projects with clear goals, deadlines, and budgets, and have a talent for execution and delivery, project management may be the right fit for you.

"Taking your project management career to the next level is doable by having continuous training. In the current job market, it is no longer enough to just be really good at what you do repeatedly but to be able to adapt and accommodate changes that deliver value in a timely manner,” says Olu Anjorin, Chief Operating Officer, Business Analysis school. 


Product management and project management share some similarities but they are distinct in terms of their goals, scope, and skill sets. If you have decided product management is the right fit for you, then sign up for our Product Management Accelerator course launching this weekend. 

Sign up for product  management accelerator course 

Our FREE Business analysis masterclass also holds on the 13th of May, 2023. 

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